El Paso, Texas, United States. Best Place
El Paso is the sixth largest city in Texas, United States. The city of El Paso and other nearby cities, such as Juarez and Las Cruces, New Mexico are referred to as The Borderland. In 2010 and 2018, El Paso received an All-America City Award. El Paso is surrounded by many cities and communities in both Texas and New Mexico.
El Paso is located at the intersection of three states (Texas, New Mexico, and Chihuahua) and two countries (the U.S. and Mexico). It is the only major Texas City on Mountain Time. El Paso stands on the Rio Grande across the Mexico–United States border from Ciudad Juárez, the most populous city in the Mexican state of Chihuahua. El Paso is often called the Sun City. El Paso is located within the Chihuahuan Desert. The Franklin Mountains extend into El Paso from the north and nearly divide the city into two sections.
El Paso was named as “El Paso del Norte” (The Pass of the North) by Spanish travelers in 1581. The area wasn’t colonized by Europeans until 1598 when Don Juan de Oñate led an expedition into the territory. In 1848, El Paso became part of the United States and a military post was erected there which eventually became Fort Bliss. The city was incorporated in 1873. El Paso Public Library was the first public library in Texas.
The largest language spoken at home is Spanish, followed by English. Many older El Pasoans speak Spanish regularly in public.
El Paso is home to the University of Texas at El Paso, the largest public university in the region. UTEP was ranked as the 7th best university in National University Rankings, just behind Stanford and ahead of Harvard. Also, the university’s School of Engineering is the nation’s top producer of Hispanic engineers with M.S. and Ph.D. degrees.
El Paso is part of the Chihuahuan Desert. El Paso has a transitional climate between cold desert climate and hot desert climate It receives on average about 8.5 inches of rainfall a year. The sky is usually clear and cloud-free. Summer temperatures can reach 100°F (37.7°C) or more. Winter rarely sees snow and temperatures drop to around 40 or 50°F. During periods of rain, flash flooding can occur.
El Paso has a strong federal and military presence. William Beaumont Army Medical Center, Biggs Army Airfield, and Fort Bliss call the city home. Fort Bliss is one of the largest military complexes of the United States Army and the largest training area in the United States.
Mayors and city council members are elected for four year terms and may not be elected more than twice or serve for more than 10 years in their respective offices. Municipal elections are currently held in May in odd-numbered years, but a voter-approved charter amendment will change this to November in even-numbered years, beginning in 2018.
The city operates under a council–manager form of government. Power is concentrated in the eight-member elected city council and mayor, who hire a manager to carry out its directives and oversee the delivery of public services.
El Paso’s tallest building, the Wells Fargo Plaza, was built in the early 1970s as State National Plaza. The black-windowed, 302-foot (92 m) building is famous for its 13 white horizontal lights. The tower did use a design of the United States flag.The tower is now only lit during the holiday months, or when special events take place in the city.
El Paso economy focused primarily in international trade, military, government civil service, oil and gas, health care, tourism and service sectors. Cotton, fruit, vegetables, and livestock are also produced in the area. Over the past 15 years the city has become a significant location for American-based call centers. El Paso has added a significant manufacturing sector with items and goods produced that include petroleum, metals, medical devices, plastics, machinery, defense-related goods and automotive parts. The city is the second busiest international crossing point in the U.S. behind San Diego.