Minneapolis Minnesota | Guthrie Theater

Minneapolis Minnesota | Guthrie Theater
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The Guthrie is a FREE hidden gem for all ages. Artist: JaeNev & Pratzapp Song: Waiting Download/Stream: /V73Df2nBJC [email protected]

Stories from the Stone Age – 1of15

Stories from the Stone Age - 1of15

it's the end of the last ice age our ancestors have survived this freezing desolation for twenty five thousand years they are hunter-gatherers they travel light their children with them one meal away from starvation they are never able to settle down but these nomads are about to change the world their Stone Age revolution will make our civilization possible they will set humanity on the long journey to the modern world around 15,000 years ago the climate began to change the glaciers melted and with water the world came back to life one of the best places for humans to live now was an area of the Middle East we call the Fertile Crescent from Israel to Iraq the hills were dotted with trees which spread quickly as the weather improved the open woodlands were like a garden supporting a new range of edible plants animals flourished on the uplands and fertile plains it was a hunter-gatherers paradise it was here the traveling bands found something completely new which would change humanity forever they discovered a huge family of plants the grasses it was a vast supply of grain this was the spark which would make human progress possible the evidence is scattered in valleys across the Fertile Crescent these people left no recorded language or stories all the archaeologists can do is dig in the 1920s the first great woman archaeologist Dorothea Garrard carried out excavations around Mount Carmel in Israel she was looking in caves she thought had been used 50,000 years earlier instead she unearthed the body of a man buried around 12,000 years ago he was curled up wearing a beautifully crafted headband decorated with pipe like seashell it was so distinctive Garrett believed she had discovered a new people she named them the Natufian as she kept digging she found something researchers had never seen before it was a tool with a bone handle it held a line of sharp flute blades they were coated with a shiny residue traces of a wild grass an ancient form of wheat it was a sickle a tool designed especially for cutting grass Siddartha Garrett knew the Natufian were collecting the new grass firms in large quantities at the same time each year these ancient people would have found the ripening grass in huge areas many of them were not edible but they managed to select all the useful species now they had barley and wheat but that would travel us working together in small family groups they have to carry everything they harvested this burden would ultimately change their way of life today the land of the Natufian is drier and hotter the past is waiting to be discovered just beneath a forbidding surface here at wadi hammer in northern Jordan the Natufian left my new traces of their lives archaeologist Philip Edwards has found evidence that these nomads had everything they needed in one place they're well placed here they're on water and they are positioned between the lowlands of the Jordan Valley and the uplands of the Mediterranean hills behind fact the jordan valley when when the two feein people were here was filled by a lake lake luzern which extended right up and right past the scene here and looking over that we we would see if it was a clear day Mount Carmel peeping out on the coast the site where the to fear was discovered originally by Dorothy goad archaeologists estimate they were known more than a thousand families living in the whole of Israel and Jordan at the time there was enough grain to feed them well and it was all the growing wild now archeologists have experimented in harvesting wild cereals in their natural area in the Middle East and what they found is that one person harvesting for a period of about three weeks can produce enough food to feed a family of four for a whole year these ancient grasses are the forerunners of modern crops the grains discovered by the no two thien's still feed more than half the world's population today of all the things they ate grain was unique in one vital way it did not decay keep it dry and it lasts for decades I denied for the first time they had food they could rely on for long periods of time now they needed to store their grain there was a reason to stay in one place this was the first time in the Middle East we know people built shelters to last from year to year and they remained here from generation to generation down the centuries they chose their sites carefully many had loathe stone mortars their remains can be found

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An exploration of the revolutionary period of prehistory that began when humans abandoned the nomadic hunting and gathering existence they had known for millennia to take up a completely new way of life the decisive move to farming and herding the ration of permanent settlements and the discovery of metals setting the stage for the arrival of the worlds first civilisation.

World's Deepest Mine – Gold Alchemy

World's Deepest Mine - Gold Alchemy

with 3.9 kilometers below South Africa inside the world's deepest mine no person has ever ventured deeper than this point we've reached the frontier of human exploration intense heat makes it impossible to travel father the rock face is at least 60 degrees hot enough to burn the skin from her fingers the weight of nearly full kilometers of solid rock above brings a constant risk but it's worth the risk The Rock looks unremarkable but it's hiding something spectacular 2.8 billion years ago hot water trapped inside the earth since the planets formation cracked the rock the water released microscopic mineral particles they formed a vein of quartz and in it gold this is real life alchemy Gold has captivated mankind for millennia it won't tarnish discolor or crumble it's exceptionally malleable a single answer gold can be beaten to a sheet 90 meters square and above all it's beautiful every gram of gold even the gold in your wedding ring started life billions of years ago far from Earth in an exploding star in a supernova an explosion so intense it fused atoms into gold microscopic gold particles blasted out into space mixed with rocks and dust to form our planet it's this coal dust we mined today nearly four kilometres down in this mind most of the gold is scattered throughout the rocks one ton of rock will yield less than a sugar cube of gold there's something else hidden in these crevices tiny mysterious organisms microbes this is some of the deepest life ever found on land with no Sun no oxygen or nutrients these microbes eat rock and they've got company these monsters are worms nicknamed devil worms

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South Africa’s TauTona mine, real life alchemy, and Halicephalobus Mephisto. Footage from the 2012 documentary, “Down to the Earth’s Core”.

We have travelled into space and looked deep into the universe’s depths, but the world beneath our feet remains unexplored and unseen. Now, that’s about to change. For the first time in one epic unbroken shot, we embark on an impossible mission – using spectacular computer generated imagery to smash through three thousand miles of solid rock, and venture from our world into the underworld and on to the core of the Earth itself.

It’s a journey fraught with danger. One thousand feet down we find ourselves inside one of the planet’s most volatile places – the San Andreas Fault. Caught between two huge rock slabs, we watch as stress builds and then releases. It unleashes an earthquake and blasts us on towards rivers of molten rock, explosive volcanoes, tears in the Earth’s crust and giant tornadoes of liquid metal. But for every danger, there are wonders beyond imagination.

Four hundred feet below the surface, a three hundred million year old fossilized forest, with every leaf and every piece of bark perfectly preserved. At one thousand feet down we enter a cave of giant crystals, glistening in deadly 122 degree heat. More than two miles underground we find buried treasure – gold and gems. Deeper still there are valuable resources – salt, oil, coal and iron. And over one hundred miles down we see the sparkling beauty of diamonds.

As we descend we piece together our planet’s extraordinary story. We rewind time to discover how prehistoric forests became modern-day fuel. 1700 feet down a layer of rock reveals the extraordinary story of the dinosaurs’ cataclysmic death. We watch stalactites form and gold grow before our eyes. The deeper we travel into the underworld the more we understand our world above the surface. A bigger picture takes shape – a cycle of destruction and creation, driven by the core that sustains our dynamic planet and makes the Earth the only planet with life in a seemingly lifeless universe.

Until, finally, three thousand miles down, we reach the core. Inside it lie the secrets of life as we know it – the magnetic force field that protects life on Earth from the sun’s deadly rays, the ancient heat source that keeps our planet alive. Down to the Earth’s Core brings the latest science together with breathtaking computer generated imagery. The result is an unmissable journey into an extraordinary world – full of dangers, wonders and secrets. And it’s all down there, beneath our feet, right now waiting to be discovered.